Chernobyl

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This is the 25th anniversary of Chernobyl. Memento. Take a minute to remember what happened 25 years ago. And reconsider whether you really need this new gadget that uses more electricity. And whether you should take some care to use less electricity whatever you do and whereever you go. (Go to the Main Page of this web site)

Radiation

Contents

Stop nuclear power plants now

There is no alternative to stopping nuclear fueled power plants. We have to stop now. There is no technology that can prevent accidents from happening and there is no technology to repair the damage caused. This has been proven in a big live experiment in Chernobyl in 1986 and again in Fukushima in 2011. When will we finally understand this? How many accidents do we need? What is our limit?

Protection

There is no protection against radiation. It is as simple a that.

The Chernobyl Disaster

The nuclear accident known as the Chernobyl Disaster occurred on April 26th 1986. An explosion caused radioactive contamination of the atmosphere spreading over much of Western Russia and Europe. It has been classified as a level 7 event on the International Nuclear Event Scale. Over 500,000 workers were contaminated trying to contain the contamination. The activities cost an estimated 18 billion rubles ruining the Russian economy. The city of Pripyat with a population of 49,400 before the disaster had to be evacuated. Due to the low population density only a few 100,000 people were directly affected.

Evacuation note, April 27, 1986

"For the attention of the residents of Pripyat! The City Council informs you that due to the accident at Chernobyl Power Station in the city of Pripyat the radioactive conditions in the vicinity are deteriorating. The Communist Party, its officials and the armed forces are taking necessary steps to combat this. Nevertheless, with the view to keep people as safe and healthy as possible, the children being top priority, we need to temporarily evacuate the citizens in the nearest towns of Kiev Oblast. For these reasons, starting from April 27, 1986 2 p.m. each apartment block will be able to have a bus at its disposal, supervised by the police and the city officials. It is highly advisable to take your documents, some vital personal belongings and a certain amount of food, just in case, with you. The senior executives of public and industrial facilities of the city has decided on the list of employees needed to stay in Pripyat to maintain these facilities in a good working order. All the houses will be guarded by the police during the evacuation period. Tovarishchs, ("Comrades") leaving your residences temporarily please make sure you have turned the lights, electrical equipment and water off and shut the windows. Please keep calm and orderly in the process of this short-term evacuation."

From: http://www.museumstuff.com/learn/topics/Pripyat,_Ukraine::sub::Evacuation_Note_April_27_1986

Gas masks for kids dumped in school.jpg

Nuclear Contamination

There is no protection against radiation except not producing it in the first place. Contamination occurs through direct exposure, airborne particles, rain and ground water which are breathed in and eaten by plants, animals and obviously humans.

The first protective measure taken to seal off reactor 4 of the Chernobyl nucelar power plant includes a sarcophagus. It was built to last an estimated 20 years. We are in year 25 now. The new "shelter" is considered to be stable and environmentally safe for an estimated 100 years. Radiation levels will be lethal for several thousand years.

This is an image of a pressure valve with molten and then solidified plutonium fuel.

Pressure valve with with molten plutonium fuel

This image shows parts of the graphite mantle surrounding the plutonium core.

Graphite mantle


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